Influences: Claude Lorrain

Claude Lorrain (also Claude Gellée or Le Lorrain) (Lorraine, c. 1600 – Rome, 21 November or 23 November 1682), a French artist of the Baroque era who was active in Italy, is admired for his achievements in landscape painting.


Claude Gellée was born, into poverty, in the town of Chamagne, Vosges in Lorraine. At the age of twelve, he went to live at Freiburg with an elder brother, Jean Gellée, a woodcarver. He afterwards went to Rome to seek a livelihood and then to Naples, where he apprenticed for two years, from 1619 to 1621. He returned to Rome in April 1625 and two landscapes made for Cardinal Bentivoglio earned him the patronage of Pope Urban VIII.

From about 1637 he rapidly achieved fame as a painter of landscapes and seascapes. He apparently befriended his fellow Frenchman Nicolas Poussin; together they would travel the Roman Campagna, sketching landscapes. Though both have been called landscape painters, in Poussin the landscape is a background to the figures; where as for Lorrain, despite figures in one corner of the canvas, the true subjects are the land, the sea, and the air.

Geoff Bunn - Claude Lorrain

In order to avoid repetition of subjects, and also to expose the many spurious copies of his works, he made tinted outline drawings (in six paper books prepared for this purpose) of all those pictures sent to different countries; and on the back of each drawing he wrote the name of the purchaser. These volumes he named the Liber Veritatis (Book of Truth). This valuable work, engraved and published, has always been highly esteemed by students of the art of landscape.

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Geoff Bunn Art & Artist

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